Hashimoto disease got its name through the studies and writings of Dr. Haraku Hashimoto in 1912. Also known as hashimoto’s thyroidism or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, hashimoto’s disease is a condition that causes hypothyroidism (sluggishness of the thyroid glands).
It is thus an inflammation of the thyroid glands. This inflammation results from the attacks on the thyroid glands by the cells in the immune system. As a result, it is said to be an autoimmune disease.
It is important to know that the rate of hashimoto’s disease is higher in women that men.
SYMPTOMS OF HASHIMOTO DISEASE
The disease is so complex that the symptoms seems to be very difficult noticing and they differ depending on the seriousness or extent of the condition. As such, the symptoms become more easy to be noticed as the condition worsens.
Some of the symptoms include;
1. Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
2. Rise in the cholesterol level in the body.
3. Swelling in the legs
4. Lack of concentration
5. Feeling of pains in the joints, muscle,etc.
CAUSES OF THE HASHIMOTO’S DISEASE
As stated above, this disease is mainly caused by the inflammation of the thyroid glands. Some other causes include;
1. Malfunctioning of the immune system as a result of genetic defects.
2. Attack by the immune system on the thyroid gland caused by a virus or bacteria.
3. Heredity and age are also major causes of the disease.
TREATING HASHIMOTO DISEASE
Most doctors treat hashimoto disease by cutting down on the size of the goiter. Some people also use what is called ‘synthetic thyroid hormones’ in treating the disease.
Some of the treatments also depend on the presence of hypothyroidism. That’s the extent to which the thyroid gland is damaged.
POINTS TO NOTE
1. One of the main causes of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto disease.
2. Swelling in the legs, lack of concentration, joint pains, thyroid gland enlargement, etc are just some of the main symptoms of hashimoto disease.
3. The main treatment of hashimoto disease is the use of the synthetic thyroid hormones.